Analogies

The words in the bottom row are related in the same way as the words in the top row. For each item, find the word that completes the bottom row of words.

fence wall boundary
path alley ?
Answer: (b)

A fence and a wall mark a boundary. A path and an alley mark a passageway.

honeybee angel bat
kangaroo rabbit ?
Answer: (c)

The honeybee, angel, and bat all have wings; they are capable of flying. The kangaroo, rabbit, and grasshopper are all capable of hopping.

meal banquet feast
shelter palace ?
Answer: (a)

A banquet and a feast are both large meals; a palace and a mansion are both large places of shelter.

walk skip run
toss pitch ?
Answer: (b)

Walk, skip, and run represent a continuum of movement: Skipping is faster than walking; running is faster than skipping. Below the line, the continuum is about throwing: Pitch is faster than toss; hurl is faster than pitch.

snow mountain ski
warmth lake ?
Answer: (b)

The relationship above the line is that snow on a mountain creates conditions for skiing. Below the line, the relationship is that warmth at a lake creates conditions for swimming.

table wood oak
shirt cloth ?
Answer: (c)

A table made of wood could come from an oak tree. A shirt made of cloth could come from a cotton plant. Choice a looks like a reasonable answer if you apply the same sentence: "A shirt made of cloth could come from sewing." But this is not the same relationship as the one above the line. The oak and the cotton are both materials used to make the table and the shirt.

tadpole frog amphibian
lamb sheep ?
Answer: (d)

The tadpole is a young frog; frogs are amphibians. The lamb is a young sheep; sheep are mammals. Animal (choice a) is incorrect because it is too large a grouping: Animals include insects, birds, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians. Choices b and c are incorrect because they are not part of the progression.

carpenter saw nails
pediatrician stethoscope ?
Answer: (a)

In the relationship above the line, the saw and the nails are tools a carpenter uses. In the relationship below the line, the stethoscope and thermometer are tools a pediatrician uses.

ant fly bee
hamster squirrel ?
Answer: (b)

The three above the line are all insects. The hamster and squirrel are rodents, so the correct choice is b because the mouse is also a rodent. The other three choices are not rodents.

apples fruit supermarket
novel book ?
Answer: (a)

The relationship above the line is as follows; apples are a kind of fruit; fruit is sold in a supermarket. Below the line, the relationship is: a novel is a kind of book; books are sold in a bookstore.

rule command dictate
doze sleep ?
Answer: (d)

The words above the line show a continuum: Command is more extreme than rule, and dictate is more extreme than command. Below the line, the continuum is as follows: Sleep is more than doze, and hibernate is more than sleep. The other choices are not related in the same way.

palette easel brush
textbook lesson plan ?
Answer: (c)

The objects above the line are all things used by an artist. The objects below the line are all things used by a teacher.

daisy flower plant
bungalow house ?
Answer: (a)

Above the line, the relationship is as follows: A daisy is a type of flower, and a flower is a type of plant. Below the line, the relationship is as follows: A bungalow is a type of house, and a house is a type of building.

candle lamp floodlight
hut cottage ?
Answer: (d)

Above the line, the relationship shows a progression of sources of light. The relationship below the line shows a progression of types of housing, from smallest to largest. (Choice a) is incorrect because a tent is smaller than a house. Choices b and c are wrong because they are not part of the progression.